Recent efforts done from slides taken in Italy some years ago. These works were done utilizing Photoshop. The photo images were changed from color to a state showing a dim vestige of the original shot, containing just enough information to work from. The result was then printed on paper to begin the final image. I have used a grid method in recent years. In earlier times before computers I used a proportional scale and dividers for placement and sometimes projected onto the working surface. The piece with the tree was done in pastel and pastel pencil. The bridge scene was done in watercolor pencil, dry brush watercolor, and pastel. I prefer free hand, however when the desire is to have the many parts in correct scale, this time saver really takes the pressure off. Both pictures are on Wallis Sanded Pastel Paper.